Undoubtedly, business name and trade name are important pillars that have a clear role in the success of economic activities in any State. The situation is not different in the State of Qatar. The business name and trade name are surely a vital mean for the merchant to gain customers and expand commercial activities. Given this importance, this research attempts to decipher the legal provisions that relates to the Business name in accordance with the Qatari Commercial Law No. (26) of 2006, and the legal provisions that relates to the trade name in Law No. (9) of 2002 regarding Trademarks, Commercial Indications, Trade Names, Geographical Indications, and Industrial Designs and Models. This will be duly arranged to clarify the legal provisions for each pillar and to diffuse any confusion that may occur between them, and to signal out the implications of such confusion once taken place.